A neat trick you can do with GDAL is open zipped files without unzipping them first. The syntax is described on http://trac.osgeo.org/gdal/wiki/UserDocs/ReadInZip
The first step is to find out the contents of the file (if you don’t already know it), you can do this using the following command:
unzip -l f088013b_mapped_osng_bil.zip
You can then run GDAL commands using the following syntax:
The latest version of TuiView (1.1.3) will automatically search inside the zip file for known raster types and pass the correct path to GDAL so you can view zipped files using:
You can also use for tar.gz files. Again, get a list of the file contents using:
tar -tf LC80430332013291LGN00.tar.gz
Get file information using:
Note /vsitar/ is used instead of /vsizip/.
Although this is handy a better option is storing data in a format which supports lossless compression. The KEA image format  is one example of a GDAL compatible raster format which uses zlib compression and is capable of storing very large datasets.
You can convert a tar.gz’ipped file to the KEA format using:
gdal_translate -of KEA /vsitar/LC80430332013291LGN00.tar.gz/LC80430332013291LGN00_B1.TIF \ LC80430332013291LGN00_B1.TIF
 Bunting, P and Gillingham, S. 2013. The KEA image file format, Computers & Geosciences, Volume 57. Pages 54-58, ISSN 0098-3004, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cageo.2013.03.025.